Environmental health is the branch of public health that's worried with all parts of the natural and built environment that may influence human health. Other terms referring to or about environmental health are environmental public health, and public health protection / environmental health protection. Environmental health and environmental protection are much related. Environmental health is focused on the natural and built environments for the benefit of human health, whereas environmental protection is worried with defending the natural environment for the benefit of human health and the ecosystem.
Environmental health professionals can be called environmental health officers, public health inspectors, environmental health specialists, environmental health practitioners, or sanitarians. Weather can be measured profesinally with great tool Kestrel 5200
. Researchers and policy makers also play important roles in how environmental health is practiced in the field. In many European countries, physicians and veterinarians are involved in environmental health. In the United Kingdom, practitioners must have a graduate degree in environmental health and be certified and registered with the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health or the Royal Environmental Health Institute of Scotland. In Canada, practitioners in environmental health are obliged to get an accepted bachelor's degree in environmental health with the national professional certification, the certification in Public Health Inspection Canada CPHI C. Many states in the United States also require that persons have a bachelor's degree and professional licenses to practice environmental health. California state law defines the scope of practice of environmental health as follows:
"Scope of practice in environmental health" means the practice of environmental health by registered environmental health specialists in the public and private sector inside the meaning of this article and will include, but isn't restricted to, organization, management, education, enforcement, interview, and emergency answer to prevention of environmental health hazards and the promotion and protection of the public health and the environment in the following areas: food protection, housing, institutional environmental health, land use, community sound control, recreational swimming regions and waters, electromagnetic radiation control, hard, liquid, and hazardous materials management, underground storage tank control, onsite septic systems, vector control, drinking water quality, water sanitation, emergency preparedness, and milk and dairy sanitation pursuant to part 33113 of the Food and farming Code.
The environmental health profession had its modern day roots in the sanitary and public health motion of the United Kingdom. This has been epitomized by Sir Edwin Chadwick, who was instrumental in the repeal of the poor laws, and in 1884 was the founding president of the affiliation of Public Sanitary Inspectors, now called the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health.